By James J. Murphy
Brief sufficient to be synoptic, but lengthy sufficient to be usefully exact, A brief historical past of Writing Instruction is the correct textual content for undergraduate classes and graduate seminars in rhetoric and composition. It preserves the legacy of writing guideline from antiquity to modern instances with a special specialize in the cloth, academic, and institutional context of the Western rhetorical culture. Its longitudinal procedure permits scholars to trace the recurrence over the years of not just particular educating equipment, but in addition significant matters akin to social function, writing as energy, the influence of applied sciences, the increase of vernaculars, and writing as a strength for democratization.
The assortment is wealthy in scholarship and important views, that's made obtainable in the course of the powerful checklist of pedagogical instruments incorporated, similar to the most important ideas indexed initially of every bankruptcy, and the thesaurus of keyword phrases and Bibliography for additional examine supplied on the finish of the textual content. extra additions comprise elevated cognizance to orthography, or the actual facets of the writing approach, new fabric on highschool guideline, sections on writing within the digital age, and elevated assurance of ladies rhetoricians and writing guide of girls. a brand new bankruptcy on writing guideline in past due Medieval Europe was once additionally further to reinforce insurance of the center a while, fill the space in scholars wisdom of the interval, and current educational tools that may be simply reproduced within the smooth school room.
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Additional resources for A Short History of Writing Instruction: From Ancient Greece to Contemporary America (3rd Edition)
There are two main sociolinguistic models that describe the stages of language standardisation. Haugen (1972) puts forward four stages that turn a ‘dialect’ into a ‘standard language’, namely selection of the norm, codification of the norm, elaboration of function, and acceptance by the speech community. This model has the advantage that ‘it is broad as well as detailed enough to function as the frame of reference for the description of highly varied standardization histories’ (Deumert and Vandenbussche 2003a: 4), and it has been adopted, for instance, by Deumert and Vandenbussche (2003b) and Auer (2009).
If we wish to understand the mechanisms of language variation and change, ‘we need not only an empirically based account of usage but also an analysis of ideas which rationalised the prescriptive selecting of variants’ (Oldireva Gustafsson 2002: 17). Auer maps Konopka’s (1996) model of precept and practice as follows:17 Language usage 1 – Meta-linguistic comments by grammarians (descriptive & prescriptive) – Effectiveness – Language usage 2 She explains that ‘a close comparison between language usage 1, language usage 2 and meta-linguistic comments by grammarians should ideally show if prescriptivists had an influence on the development of the selected linguistic feature’ (Auer 2009: 8–9).
The eighteenth-century precept material consists of a self-compiled collection of metalinguistic comments on preposition placement, mostly on P-stranding but also on P-piping; the data have been drawn from 285 normative works written between 1700 and 1800. The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries will also be examined through a selection of thirty-four representative grammars, including works on Latin. 4. It should be noted that the term precept here ‘embrace[s] all the varieties of prescriptive writing’, that is, metalinguistic comments in grammar books and also in treatises of rhetoric, education books, and a miscellany of other works in which explicit comment is made on language usage (see Oldireva Gustafsson 2002: 17).
A Short History of Writing Instruction: From Ancient Greece to Contemporary America (3rd Edition) by James J. Murphy