By Guglielmo Cinque
One of many world's top syntacticians offers facts for finding Adverb words within the specifiers of detailed useful projections inside a singular and good articulated idea of the clause. during this concept, either adverbs and heads, which encode the useful notions of the clause, are ordered in a inflexible series. Cinques state of the art inspiration means that the constitution of ordinary language sentences is way richer than formerly assumed.
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Additional resources for Adverbs and Functional Heads: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
15f. In contrast to AdvPs proper, they can also be interchangeably in one another's scope, depending on their mutual structural relation. In (120a), the place adverbial (containing an indefinite DP) is in the scope of the time adverbial containing a universal quantifier. In (120b), it is the other way around: (120) a. He attended classes every day of the week in a different university, b. He attended classes in each university on a different day of the week. A similar case is in (121), with place and company PP adverbials: (121) a.
The same conclusion, of course, holds for the "high" position of the adverb in (83b) and (85b) (compare *John carefully has been wording the letter and *John has carefully been wording the letter). This means that there are three positions for the independent "base generation" of the same adverb, which appear to correspond to three different interpretations (even if the difference is obscured in certain contexts, as happens with the preverbal and VP-final positions in (85a) and (83a)). , one specific and distinct interpretation for each position of "base generation").
93a-b), recalling that di gia precedes completamente in the same "space"):58 (93) a. A Natale, credo che avesse completamente perso la testa di GIA. ' b. *A Natale, credo completamente! che avesse ti perso la testa di GlA. ' A possible way to reconcile the observed movement properties of the relation between the two "spaces" with the generalization that subversion of relative order goes 22 ADVERBS AND FUNCTIONAL HEADS together with unbounded operator movement only is to deny that the AdvP moves by itself and to assume that it moves within a larger constituent.
Adverbs and Functional Heads: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax) by Guglielmo Cinque