By Ernest Furchtgott
I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the school of the varsity of Social paintings on the collage of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dep. of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with an instructional Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate learn in Gerontology application, guiding it to ultimate approval via the South Carolina fee on better schooling. For 20 years we crew taught our graduate-level direction, "Psychosocial methods to Geron tology," concerning colleagues from comparable disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded enormous quantities of analysis posters ready by means of our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate path requirement. a number of years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the college. He in stantly agreed to my request that he proceed instructing the psychology of getting older part of our interdisciplinary path. On campus approximately on a daily basis given that retirement, Ernie often telephoned to debate are cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex pointed out him on the Gerontological Society's annual medical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.
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In addition, assay procedures do not tend to be uniform. A given stressor may either enhance or decrease immune responses, and different stressors may produce qualitatively or quantitatively different changes. Some of the factors that are important in response to stressors, aside from those that affect the "normal" nonstressed level of the immune system to which references were made previously, are such parameters as the duration of the stressor, chronicity, the immune status of the individual, the effects of various stress hormones, and coping ability of the organism (Moynihan & Cohen, 1992).
Plasma levels of glucose are measured before and after the ingestion of a standard oral load of dextrose. About a half of older persons have mean blood-glucose concentrations 1-2 hours after the dextrose administration that are 2 SDs above the mean for young people (Andres & Tobin, 1977). 9% in the 65-74 year age group (Goldberg & Hagberg, 1990). Several mechanisms have been proposed as contributors to the loss of glucose tolerance in older persons. These include impaired insulin 32 Chapter 2 secretion and its metabolism; an increased glucagon level, which has effects antagonistic to those of insulin; failure of secreted insulin to inhibit glucose output; resistance of target tissues to respond to insulin; and interaction with other hormones, such as growth, NE, or corticosteroids (Fiorini, 1989; Halter, 1995; Timiras, 1988, p.
258). Even in healthy individuals, there is a slight rise in fasting blood glucose levels with increasing age. This increase is, however, small compared to the rise seen after the ingestion of glucose, referred to as glucose "tolerance," the ability to dispose of ingested glucose. Plasma levels of glucose are measured before and after the ingestion of a standard oral load of dextrose. About a half of older persons have mean blood-glucose concentrations 1-2 hours after the dextrose administration that are 2 SDs above the mean for young people (Andres & Tobin, 1977).
Aging and Human Motivation by Ernest Furchtgott