By Susan Nance
The idea that of 'modernity' is primary to many disciplines, yet what's modernity to animals? Susan Nance solutions this query via a thorough reinterpretation of the lifetime of Jumbo the elephant. within the Eighteen Eighties, shoppers, the media, zoos, circuses and taxidermists, and (unknowingly) Jumbo himself, remodeled the elephant from an orphan of the worldwide ivory alternate and zoo captive right into a distracting foreign famous person. voters on continents imaged Jumbo as a sentient person and puppy, yet have been aghast while he died in an commercial twist of fate and his continues to be have been absorbed by way of the taxidermic and animal rendering industries reserved for nameless animals. The case of Jumbo uncovered the 'human hindrance' of contemporary dwelling, in which humans celebrated person animals to manage or distract themselves from the wholesale slaughter of animals required by way of smooth consumerism.
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Extra resources for Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma
Scott, Jumbo’s keeper, returned to the show cured of the injuries inflicted on him by Jumbo accidentally pressing him against the side of his car. Saturday, June 17th. Boston, Ma. Saturday being Bunker Hill day, ... m. in the pond at Boston common. 0007 Jumbo: Tourist and Consumer 45 Wednesday, August 2nd. Y. In the evening as the small elephants were being conveyed to their cars, they were attacked and stampeded by a gang of Trojan roughs. They ran in all directions, two of them rushing into an iron foundry which they soon cleared by indiscriminately slinging around all the red hot irons they could find.
Hahn, Tower Menagerie, 85–103. Baratay and Hardouin-Fugier, Zoo, 28, 78–96; Berger, About Looking, g 19; Hahn, Tower Menagerie, 208–14; Veltre, “Menageries,” 19; Ritvo, Animal Estate, 214–17. Baratay and Hardouin-Fugier, Zoo, 28. See also, Miller, Nature of the Beasts, 4–8; Veltre, “Menageries,” 21, 27–28. Altick, Shows of London, 308–09, 319. Hahn, Tower Menagerie, 176, 220, 228–29; Ritvo, Animal Estate, 220. Baratay and Hardouin-Fugier, Zoo, 78–79. Ito, London Zoo and the Victorians, 4–6; Kete, “Introduction: Animals and Human Empire,” 15–18.
One report commenting on Jumbo’s celebrity warned, The beast breeds slowly in the jungle, and not at all in confinement, ... and it is nearly certain that in another century ... 0006 Jumbo: Sentient Animal Celebrity 33 of the few in confinement, have totally ceased to exist. , will do wisely to take care of them, for it is rumoured ivory is becoming scarce, and will soon be so dear that piano keys, knife handles, &c. 114 The year Jumbo left London, those citizens who sensed the trouble coming did so because of rising ivory prices, which they often discussed with direct reference to Jumbo.
Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma by Susan Nance